All rights reserved.
This research is done on the series of books written by John Norman, the comments in italics are mine and my point of view.
Woman of Gor
Crossbow

Yet, as a weapon, it has serious disadvantages, and
on Gor the crossbow, inferior in accuracy, range and
rate of fire, with its heavy cable and its leaves of
steel, tends to be generally favored. The long bow
cannot well be used except in a standing, or at least
kneeling, position, thus making more of a target of
the archer; the long bow is difficult to use from the
saddle; it is impractical in close quarters, as in
defensive warfare or in fighting from room to room;
and it cannot be kept set, loaded like a firearm, as
can the crossbow. Raiders of Gor, page 2
The crossbow is the assassin's weapon, par excellence; further, it might be mentioned that, although it takes longer to set the
crossbow, a weaker man, with, say, his belt claw or his winding gear, can certainly manage to do so; accordingly, for every man
capable of drawing a warrior's long bow there will be an indefinite number who can use the crossbow; lastly, at shorter distances,
the crossbow requires much less skill for accuracy than the long bow. Raiders of Gor, page 2

. . .the crossbow, which is primarily an infantry weapon. Savages of Gor, Page 96

I mounted my tarn, on each side of the saddle hung a missile weapon, a crossbow with a quiver of a dozen quarrels, or bolts, on
the left, a longbow with a quiver of thirty arrows on the right. Tarnsman of Gor, Page 64

For example, incredibly enough, weapon technology is controlled to the point where the most powerful devices of war are the
crossbow and lance. Tarnsman of Gor, page 31

None of the bolts had escaped from the specially constructed quiver. Tarnsman of Gor, page 161

Some hundreds of yards from the wall, just beyond crossbow range. Tarnsman of Gor - Page 163

. . .the iron bolt of a crossbow.  Tarnsman of Gor, Page 59

I watched the dark, swift flight of the quarrel, like a black needle, and saw it drop into the back of the Taurentian, who suddenly
stiffened, seeming inches taller, the metal fins of the bolt like a tiny dark triangle in the purple of the cloak, and pitched lifeless from
the wall.  Assassin of Gor,  page 357

…and if he had fired at that range, most probably the quarrel would have passed through my body and disappeared in the woods
behind. The initial velocity of a quarrel is the better part of a pasang per second. Tarnsman of Gor, Page 100

Just as I did so the bolt of a crossbow struck the door and splintered through it, its head projecting some six inches on my side.
Nomads of Gor, Page 227

The bolt of a crossbow splattered into a brick wall on my right, gouging a cupful of masonry loose in chips and dust. Nomads of Gor,
Page 236

It would be eleven or twelve seconds before the crossbowmen would be ready to fire again. Nomads of Gor - Page 227

The crossbowmen were each winding their string tight for a new quarrel. Nomads of Gor, page 213

Most importantly, I found a compass-chronometer, some rations, two water flasks, bowstrings, binding fiber, and some oil for the
mechanism of the crossbow. Tarnsman of Gor, Page 105

Its major disadvantage is its slowness in rate of fire. The cavalry crossbow does have an iron stirrup in which the rider, without
dismounting, may insert his foot, thus gaining the leverage necessary for drawing the cable back with both hands, if the rider is
right handed he usually inserts his right foot in the stirrup and leans to the right in drawing the cable. Savages of Gor, Page 96

Cavalry Cross bows

"The cavalry crossbow does have an iron stirrup in which the rider, without dismounting, may insert his foot, thus gaining the
leverage necessary for drawing the cable back with both hands. If the rider is right handed he usually inserts his right foot in the
stirrup and leans to the right in drawing the cable; this procedure is reversed, of course, usually, if the rider is left handed. While
this procedure permits the rider to reload without dismounting and tends to improve, at some cost to striking power, the bow's rate
of fire, it still provides, in my opinon, no adequate compensation for the loss of rapidity of fire. I think it not unlikely that the red
savage could discharge three to five shafts in the time a single quarrel could be set in the clumsier weapon. In my opinion, if the
crossbow, of the lighter, more quickly loading type, had proved to be a superior missile weapon in the typical combats practiced in
the Barrens the red savages would have had recourse either to it, or to something analogous to it. But they have not. Savage of
Gor, page 96


Long bows


Not hurrying I strung the bow. It is small, double-curved, about four feet in length, built up of layers of bosk horn, bound and
reinforced with metal and leather; it is banded with metal at seven points, including the grip, metal obtained from Turia in half-inch
rolled strips; the leather is applied diagonally, in two-inch strips, except that, horizontally, it covers the entire grip; the bow lacks
the range of both the longbow and the crossbow, but, at close range, firing rapidly, it can be a devastating weapon; its small size,
like the crossbow, permits it to clear the saddle, shifting from the left to the right, or to the rear, with equal ease, this providing an
advantage lacked by the more powerful but larger longbow; but, like the longbow, and unlike the crossbow, which requires strength
and time to reset, it is capable of a considerable volume of fire; a Tuchuk warrior can, in swirling combat, from the saddle of the
running kaiila, accurately fire twenty arrows, drawn to the point, in half an Ehn. Assassin of Gor, page 365

The bow is not commonly favored by Gorean warriors, but all must respect it. It is the height of a tall man; its back, away from the
bowman, is flat; its belly, facing the bowman, is half-rounded; it is something like an inch and a half wide and an inch and a quarter
thick at the center; it has considerable force and requires considerable strength to draw; many men, incidentally, even some
warriors, cannot draw the bow; nine of its arrows can be fired aloft before the first falls again to the earth; at point-blank range it
can be fired completely through a four-inch beam; at two hundred yards it can pin a man to a wall; at four hundred yards it can kill
the huge, shambling bosk; its rate of fire is nineteen arrows in a Gorean Ehn, about eighty Earth seconds; and a skilled bowman,
but not an extraordinary one, is expected to be able to place these nineteen arrows in one Ehn into a target, the size of a man,
each a hit, at a range of some two hundred and fifty yards. Yet, as a weapon, it has serious disadvantages, and on Gor the
crossbow, inferior in accuracy, range and rate of fire, with its heavy cable and its leaves of steel, tends to be generally favored. The
long bow cannot well be used except in a standing, or at least kneeling, position, thus making more of a target of the archer; the
long bow is difficult to use from the saddle; it is impractical in close quarters, as in defensive warfare or in fighting from room to
room; and it cannot be kept set, loaded like a firearm, as can the crossbow. Raiders of Gor, page 2

Well used, the long bow is a far more devastating weapon than its rival, the crossbow; but few men had the strength and eve to
use it well. Raiders of Gor, page 3

. . .it fires nineteen arrows in a Gorean Ehn, some eighty Earth seconds; a skilled bowman, and not an unusual one, is expected to
be able to put these nineteen arrows in an Ehn into a man-sized target, consecutively, each a mortal hit, at some two hundred and
fifty yards. Hunters of Gor, page 180

. . .the leather bracer and fastened it about his left forearm, that the arm not be lacerated by the string, and took the small tab as
well, putting the first and second fingers of his right hand through, that in drawing the string the flesh might not be cut to the bone.
Raiders of Gor, page 20


Short Bow


The small bow has many advantages. High among these is the rapidity with which it may be drawn and fired. A skilled warrior, in the
Gorean gravity, can fire ten arrows into the air, the last leaving the bow before the first has returned to the earth. No Gorean
weapon can match it in its rate of fire. At close range, it ca be devastating. Two further advantages of the small bow that might be
mentioned are it manoeuvrability and its capacity to be concealed, say beneath a robe. It can be easily swept from one side of the
kaiila to the other. Savages of Gor, page 46

The short bow of the Gorean north, with its short, heavy arrows, heavily headed, lacks the range and power of the peasant bow of
the south, that now, too, the property of the rencers of the delta, but, at short range, within a hundred and fifty yard, it can
administer a considerable strike. It has, too the advantage that it is more manageable in close quarters than the peasant bow,
resembling somewhat the Tuchuk bow of layered horn, in this respect. It is more useful in close combat on a ship, for example, than
would be the peasant bow. Too, it is easier to fire it through a thole port, the oar withdrawn. Marauders of Gor, page 52


I learned as well the rope and bow. The bow, of course, small, for use from the saddle, lacks the range and power of the Gorean
longbow or crossbow; still, at close range, with considerable force, firing rapidly, arrow after arrow, it is a fearsome weapon.
Nomads of Gor, page 66

She carried a short, yellow bow, of Ka-la-ha wood, which could clear the saddle of the tharlarion. Beasts of Gor, pge 111

"Some call them the forest girls,” said Ute. “Others call them the panther girls, for they dress themselves in the teeth and skins of
forest panthers, which they slay with their spears and bows.” Captive of Gor, page 82

Their arrows, their bows being smaller, are not as long as the common sheaf arrow of the long bow. Hunters of Gor, page 214

Wagon people Small Bow

I could hear in three or four places the clash of arms, the hiss of bolts of crossbows, the answering featherswift flight of the barbed
Tuchuk war arrows. Nomads of Gor, page 247

The sides of the wagon box, incidentally, are, here and there, perforated for arrow ports, for the small horn bow of the Wagon
Peoples can be used to advantage not only from the back of a kaiila but, like the crossbow, from such cramped quarters. Nomads of
Gor, page 31


It is small, double-curved, about four feet in length, built up of layers of bosk horn, bound and reinforced with metal and leather; it is
banded with metal at seven points, including the grip, the bow lacks the range of both the longbow and the crossbow, but, at close
range, firing rapidly, it can be a devastating weapon. Assassin of Gor, page 365

Again and again the small bow, swift and vicious, fired, twenty barbed arrows in half an Ehn. Assassin of Gor, page 372

The bow, of course, small, for use from the saddle, lacks the range and power of the Gorean longbow or crossbow; still, at close
range, with considerable force, firing rapidly, arrow after arrow, it is a fearsome weapon. Nomads of Gor, pages 66-67

The small bow, interestingly, has never been used among tarnsmen. Assassin of Gor, page 365

Horn Bow

The horn bow, unfortunately, formed of pieces of split tabuk horn, bound with sinew, is not effective beyond some thirty yards, One
must, thus, be almost upon the animal before loosing the shaft. Wood is scarce in the north and the peasant bow, or longbow, is
not known there. More importantly, in the colder weather, the long bow would freeze and snap, unable to bear the stress of being
drawn to its customary extent. Beasts of Gor, page 205

. . .at his back was a quiver containing arrows, and a short bow of sinew-bound, layered horn. Such men are seldom seen on Gor.
They are the natives of the polar basin. Beasts of Gor, Page 48

Ship bows

The bows were put to their feet. They were short, ship bows, stout and manoeuvrable, easy to use in crowded quarters, easy to
fire across the bulwarks of galleys locked in combat. I had seen only such bows in the holding of Policrates. Their rate of fire, of
course, is much superior to that of the crossbow, either of the drawn or windlass variety.
All things considered, the ship bow is an ideal missile weapon for close-range naval combat. it is superior in this respect even to the
peasant bow, or long bow, which excels it in impact, range and accuracy. Rogue of Gor, page 307-308


Arrows

The Gorean sheaf arrow is slightly over a yard long, the flight arrow is about forty inches in length. Both are metal piled and fletched
with three half-feathers, from the wings of the Vosk gulls. Raiders of Gor, page 68

Then I sat down, cross-legged, and withdrew an arrow, for the great bow, from its quiver and, with thread and a tiny pot of glue,
bent to refeathering one of the shafts. Hunters of Gor, page 83

At point-blank range the tem-wood shaft can be fired completely through a four-inch beam; at two hundred yards it can pin a man
to a wall; at four hundred yards it can kill the huge, shambling bosk. Hunters of Gor, page 180

Small straight bows, of course, not the powerful long bow, are, on the other hand, reasonably common on Gor, and these are often
used for hunting light game, such as the brush-maned, three-toed Qualae, the yellow-pelted, single-horned Tabuk, and runaway
slaves. Raiders of Gor, page 4
Weapons of Gor
Bows of Gor